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Cars with Italian surname It is really difficult to imagine how our world looks like without World War the Second. It was merciless, bloody fate which took away about 70 millions people’s lives. At the same time all fashion and most outstanding brands appeared or developed owing to this war or war’s industry needs. That concerns lighters Zippo, Harley Davidson Motor Company and Lamborghini Sports Cars.

It is quite understandable how Zippo or HD could be used during the war, but Lamborghini???

The official story of Lamborghini Sport Cars begins in 1962, but the company was not founded from the scratch.
Ferruccio Lamborghini, guy who gave to a company his name, was born on April 28, 1916, in a small agricultural town of Renazza di Centro in the northern Italian province of Emlia. As a teenager, he became interested in farm equipment and entered in a technical collage to study engineering. World War the Second was to curtail his studies and he joined the Italian Air Force. Bright and smart, Ferruccio saw a great business opportunity at the end of the war. Italy was left with a huge number of trucks and other military equipment, most of it destined for the scrap heap. He was a natural engineer and he saw how to convert army trucks into agricultural equipment. That is how Ferrucio Lamborghini set up his own business: producing tractors. That business and making air conditioning units created the wealth that enabled Ferrucio Lamborghini to make sport cars that would challenge Enzo Ferrari’s.

What happened next has become the stuff of legend: according to a 1991 Thoroughbred & Classic Cars magazine interview with Lamborghini, he complained to Enzo in "a bit of an argument", telling him that his cars were rubbish; the notoriously pride-filled Modenan was furious, telling the manufacturing tycoon, "Lamborghini, you may be able to drive a tractor, but you will never be able to handle a Ferrari properly”(2). Enzo Ferrari's snubbing of Lamborghini had profound consequences. Lamborghini later said that it was at that point that he got the idea that if Enzo Ferrari, or anyone else, could not build him a perfect car, he might be able to simply make such a car himself. The tractor magnate felt that Ferrari's cars did not have the attributes of a superior grand tourer; Lamborghini believed that such a car should provide high performance without compromising tractability, ride quality, and interior appointments. Believing he could also outdo the legendary Ferrari performance, upon returning to Pieve di Cento, Lamborghini and his workers at the tractor factory opened up one of his 250GTs and starting working on it. The simple single overhead camshaft cylinder heads were replaced with custom units, and six horizontally-mounted dual carburetors were mounted to the V12 engine. Lamborghini would take the modified car out to the motorway entrance near Modena, and wait for Ferrari's test drivers to appear. According to Lamborghini, the improvements made his car at least 25 km/h (16 mph) faster than the factory's own cars, and it could easily outrun the testers in their stock machines.


Some contend that Lamborghini entered the business of making automobiles purely to spite Ferrari by showing him that he could build a better car than his precious steeds, faster, sleeker, more beautiful, and more outrageous than what the Maranello camp could offer. Others contend that he simply saw a financial opportunity in producing such cars; Lamborghini realized that the same components that he sold in his tractors could bring in three times the profits if installed in a high-performance exotic car. It was the beginning of an historic rivalry: Ferruccio and Enzo would never speak again.(1)

Ferruccio Lamborghini started to explore the possibilities of starting his third company to manufacture luxury GT cars carrying his name. In 1962, using experience acquired through setting up Lamborghini Tractori and Lamorghini Bruciatori, he found land at Sant’Agata Bolognese, about 15 miles north from Bologna. (2)
This is how a long history of Sport Cars with the name begins.

ref.

(1)"Interview with Ferruccio Lamborghini", Thoroughbred & Classic Cars, January 1991, http://www.geocities.com/lamboguy/Intervu1.html

(2)Lamborghini Forty Years. David Jolliffe with Tony Willard, 2004. ISBN 0-7603-1945-6


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Anna N.K. | 2010-06-11 00:53
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Lamborghini Miura. Pappa didn't even know. It is the end of 1960-es. People with flowers in hair, guitars and mottos “Make love, no war” begin appearing on streets of Big Apple and San Francisco. The war is still continuing in Vietman. The Cold War is more than actual when the question concerns nuclear arms race. And Rolling Stones plays their concert in Sweden.
Meanwhile three Italian guys: Dallara, Stanzani and Wallace, car engineers from Sant’Agata, are staying after work and in their free time inventing new revolutionary concept car which will be called later:

LAMBORGHINI MIURA

‘Pappa’, Ferruccio Lamborghini, didn’t even know what his constructers were working with. ‘Working late into the night, the three men evolved a design for an endurance event sports car, believing they could convince Ferruccio it would have the potential to be a winner.
Ferruccio, of course, had already made it clear that such a project was both too costly and would be a distraction: it was not something Lamborghini would do. Dallarna, enthused by his radical new design, went to Lamborghini and argue his case for the Miura to be given a budget to prepare a prototype.
To his amazement, Ferruccio gave the project a tentative go-ahead…
By great participation from everybody in the factory the Miura’s chassis and engine were exhibited at the 1965 Turin motor show. The Miura was to debut in 1966.



INSIDE
( photo 1)


Lamborghini Miura P 400 ( 1966-1969)
Heart: 60-degree V12, mid-mounted transversely: aluminium-alloy construction throughout
Capacity – 3929cc.
Bore x stroke -82 mmx62 mm
Valve actuation – Twin overhead camshafts per bank of cylinders, chain-driven.
Compression ratio 9.5:1
Carburetors- Four Weber triple-choke 46 IDA 3 C1
Power – 350 bhp (DIN) at 7000 rpm
Transmission:
Rear-wheel drive; five-speed Lamborghini- made gearbox with synchromesh on all ratios including reverse; ZF limited-slip differential Final drive 4.052:1 ( 4.33:1 and 4.05:1 optional)
Steering:
Rack-and- pinion; no power assistance; 3.2 turns lock-to-lock



Brakes:
Front: 11.8- inch ( 300 mm) Girling disc
Rear: 12.1-inch ( 307 mm) Girling disc
Servo assistance

Wheels/ Tyres.
210x15 Pirelli Cinturato HS
Bodywork:
Two-seater fixed head coupe in aluminium-alloy by Bertone

Dimensions:
Length: 14ft 3.5in (4.36 m)
Wheelbase 8ft 2.6in (2.50 m)
Track: 4 ft 7.5in (1.41 m)
Height: 3 ft 5.5in (1.06 m)

Weight:
18.6 cwt ( 943 kg.)

Lithe, sensuous and brutal at the same time, adorned with instantly recognizable trademark details, the Miura’s delicious skin is stretched over mechanicals every bit as sedutive: a racecar-like steel tub with a mind-mounted V12 set crossways behind the driver’s head. The Miura must be close to heading the list of the greatest supercars of all time…. Supercars….
Actually, with appearing of Miura – an epoch of Supercars began.


OUTSIDE.
( photo 2)

The most outstanding features of Miura were its ‘eyelashes’ and front silhouette with open doors.

Lamborghini told Italian journalist Athos Evangelisti, "In the past, I bought some of the most famous GT cars and found several flaws. Too hot, not very comfortable, not fast enough, not finished to perfection. Now I want to make a flawless GT. Not a technical marvel. A very normal, very conventional but perfect car."
Later in his life, when he was no longer connected with his eponymous company, and shortly before he died in 1993, Ferruccio told another Italian journalist: "I am the first Japanese in Italian history. I never invented anything, but I always copied the best. To make my motor, I asked, 'Which is the best?' And the reply was, 'The 12-cylinder of Ferrari.' However, to improve it, I needed to change the heads. So then I asked, 'Which heads are the most efficient?' The answer was, 'The twin cams on the four-cylinder Alfa Romeo.' It was enough for me to put together these concepts to make the most beautiful motor in the world."
The Miura went through three clear model iterations, but the changes were phased in gradually before and after the model designations changed, so few cars are identical. The P400 S, supposedly with an extra 20 horsepower for 370, arrived in December 1968; the 385-horse P400 SV, the definitive Miura with a wider rear track and tires and easily recognized by its lack of headlight eyelashes, arrived in March 1971.

P.S.
Ralf Christensson, autolife’s member, used to have Lamborghini Miura SV several years ago.
“Miura is a peculiar car. The design, feeling, size and sounds. It just makes the car special. Wonderful performance although an old design”, says Ralf, “I do miss Miura. It is a great car to drive, but it's too rare for everyday use. Looking at my pictures I can only say that I have been lucky to have had the privilege to own and drive car like that.”

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Anna N.K. | 2010-06-11 00:26
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Emil in the Wonderland. Going to sleep on the night of 29 th of May at least 40 children from different Swedish cities were asking only for one thing: let it be a sunny day tomorrow.

Sometimes, such an ordinary and simple thing like a sunny summer day becomes something of a great importance in the life. A normal Sunday can become THE DAY, which 40 children with different serious illnesses and their families will recall as MIN STORA DAG.

Emil, 9 years old blond boy with big bright grey-blue eyes, still remembers about red “ Fagel bil” two days after event.
He has just one chromosome more then all the others in his family. That is what makes him different from others kids. As other kids of 9 he likes play with cars, his favorite color is red and no way Emil fall in love with a red noisy shining car without a roof ( Viper) and a mysterious red “Fagel bil” (Mercedes SLS AMG).

Emil was not the one who liked the “fagel bil”, so he was sitting and waiting for his turn, paying no attention for possibilities to drive others cars. If man wants something he gets it…

He was so glad and when he finally sat in a car and became a co-driver. A big wide frankly Emil’s smile makes everybody around be happy too. It was a real Min Stora Dag for Emil and his family. It was a real Stora Dag more for 40 others families who came to this event. It was not an ordinary Sunday track day for the car owners who participated in this activity. It was something more. It was a BIG DAY.

Many families who came to this event will recall this Min Stora Dag with tears of happiness in the eyes. Some kids were so sick and looked so serious almost as “small adults". But after driving in a race track, when mamma or papa opened the door to help them getting out from the car, kids were simply happy. There was a smile at their faces. And you really need to see the face of theirs parents at this moment who almost forgot how his child looks like when he is smiling.

Sometimes, such a simple thing as a smiley face of a kid can give to many adultsso much force and happiness that they never expected.


P.S.
Thanks to EVERYBODY who participated in this event. Who made Emil and others kids visit " The Wonderland".
It was really a great idea and great work was done.

Sincerely,
Anna NK.

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Anna N.K. | 2010-06-02 13:13 | 1 kommentar
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BRA BILS BILD BRA BILS BILD.

TIPS FOR AMATEUR PHOTOGRAPHERS: WITHOUT ANY TECHNIQUE SPECIFICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS. YOU DON’T NEED TO BE A PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHER AND HAVE A FANCY CAMERA TO TAKE GOOD PICTURES OF A CAR.
WHAT YOU NEED – JUST A CAMERA THAT WORKS WITH AUTOPROGRAM MODE AND A WISH TO MAKE SOME BEAUTY PICTURES.
THEREBY, YOU COULD DO A GOOD PROFILE FOR YOUR LOVELY CAR ON AUTOLIFE WEB PAGE, FOR EXAMPLE.

1. WASH YOUR CAR! A CLEAN CAR LOOKS ON THE PHOTOS MUCH BETTER THEN A DIRTY ONE. IF OF COURSE YOU ARE NOT GOING TO DO PHOTOS DURING THE RAIN AND SHOWING BEAUTY OF RAIN DROPS.

2. BACKGROUND. IF THE CHOSEN BACKGROUND ISN'T RIGHT, IT COULD BE DIFFICULT TO FIGURE OUT THE MAIN OBJECT OF A PHOTO. ALWAYS TRY TO FIND A BACKGROUND THAT WILL MAKE YOUR CAR STAND OUT . FOR EXAMPLE, A RED CAR WITH A GREEN GRASS OR TOTALLY BLUE SKY ON THE BACKGROUND WILL JUMP OUT AT YOU, WHEREAS A GREY CAR AGAINST A LIGHT COLORED STONE WALL WILL GET LOST.

3. LIGHT. BEST TIME FOR PHOTO SHOOTING IS AFTER 2 P.M. TILL THE SUN GOES DOWN FOR NORMAL DAYS. THE LIGHTING DIRECTION CHANGES THROUGHOUT THE DAY AND THE COLOR CHANGES AS WELL, FROM COOL BEFORE SUNRISE TO WARM JUST AFTER SUNRISE TO NEUTRAL AT MIDDAY TO WARMER NEAR SUNSET TO COOLER AFTER SUNSET. LIGHT AND LIGHT RAYS CAN DESTROY YOUR SHOT CRUELLY. AT THE BEGINNING CHOOSE A SHOOTING POSITION SO THAT SUN WILL BE FROM YOUR BACKSIDE.

4. MOVE YOUR BODY! MOST OF PICTURES OF CARS PEOPLE DO FROM EYE LEVEL. TRY TO DIVERSIFY: SHOOTING UP AT A LOW ANGLE, WHICH WILL EXAGGERATE THE PROPORTIONS A BIT, AND MAKE YOUR CAR SEEM MORE IMPRESSIVE. A SORT OF BIRD'S EYE VIEW YOU CAN GET BY USING A STEP LADDER

5. NEED FOR SPEED! THERE ARE A LOT OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES OF PANNING. BUT IT TAKES PRACTICE, TIME AND SPECIAL EQUIPMENT. BUT NEVERTHELESS, YOU CAN TRY. WHAT YOU DO, IS FOLLOW THE CAR WITH THE CAMERA AS IT MOVES DOWN THE ROAD OR TRACK. IT IS BETTER IF CAR WILL MOVE WITH A LOW SPEED. WHILE FOLLOWING THE CAR, KEEP TAKING PICTURES, THE MORE PICTURES YOU TAKE THE BETTER CHANCE YOU HAVE OF GETTING A GOOD SHOT.

6. IMPORTANT DETAILS. EVERY CAR HAS ITS UNIQUE CHARACTER. SHOW CHARACTER OF THE CAR YOU CAR BY TAKING PICTURES OF ITS DETAILS, WHEELS, STRIPES, LABELS ETC. TO UNDERLINE THAT YOU CAN TURN ON LIGHTS ON, FOR EXAMPLE.

7. DRAMA/ STORY. SOME PHOTOGRAPHERS RECOMMEND CREATING DRAMA IN A PICTURE, TO MAKE IT MORE INTERESTING TO VIEWERS. I WOULD PREFER TO SAY “CREATE A STORY”. JUST A SOMETHING THAT COULD BE OR A DRAMA, OR A JOKE AND ETC.

P.S. IF PHOTOSHOP IS TOO COMPLICATED – TRY TO USE PICASA 3. THERE ARE ALL NECESSARY FUNCTIONS FOR PHOTO EDITING AND GETTING BRA BILS BILD.

GOOD LUCK!

ANNA NK

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Anna N.K. | 2010-05-18 14:57
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Are you an elite? ( Seth Godin's blogpost from 11 may 2010 )

In the developing world, there's often a sharp dividing line between the elites and everyone else. The elites have money and/or an advanced education. It's not unusual to go to the poorest places on earth and find a small cadre of people who aren't poor at all. Sometimes, this is an unearned position, one that's inherited or acquired in ways that take advantage of others. Regardless, you can't just announce you're an elite and become one.
In more and more societies, though (including my country and probably yours), I'd argue that there's a different dividing line. This is the line between people who are actively engaged in new ideas, actively seeking out change, actively engaging--and people who accept what's given and slog along. It starts in school, of course, and then the difference accelerates as we get older. Some people make the effort to encounter new challenges or to grapple with things they disagree with. They seek out new people and new opportunities and relish the discomfort that comes from being challenged to grow (and challenging others to do the same).
Perhaps I'm flattering myself (and you) but I think almost everyone who reads blogs like this one is part of the elites. It's not because of birth or financial standing, it's because of a choice, the decision to be aware and engaged, to challenge a status quo of your choice.
The number of self-selected elites is skyrocketing. Part of this is a function of our ability to make a living without working 14 hours a day in a sweatshop, but part of it is the ease with which it's possible to find and connect with other elites.
The challenge of our time may be to build organizations and platforms that engage and coordinate the elites, wherever they are. After all, this is where change and productivity come from.
Once you identify this as your mission, you save a lot of time and frustration in your outreach. If someone doesn't choose to be part of the elites, it's unclear to me that you can persuade them to change their mind. On the other hand, the cycle of discovery and engagement and shipping the elites have started is going to accelerate over time, and you have all the tools necessary to be part of it--to lead it, in fact.

Seth Godin.
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Anna N.K. | 2010-05-11 12:52
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